CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY

Psychological testing involves the use of standardized tools to aid in the process of diagnosis and treatment. Psychological tests can be categorized as:

  • Psychodiagnostics: Assessment tools used are projective techniques, selfquestionnaires, semi- structured interviews and materials. The in-depth analysis of areas not otherwise obvious and accepted by the patient is essential to psychotherapy and rehabilitation.

  • Intelligence tests are administered and are of special importance in the management of mental retardation.
  • Neuropsychological assessments aid in understanding brain deficits arising from neurological problems and head injury.
  • Assessments of Specific Learning Disability aid in identifying learning impairments that affect the academic performance of children and adolescents.

 

Psychological Intervention aims at helping the patients regain their optimal level of functioning. Maladaptive coping mechanisms are explored and patients learn to choose appropriate behaviours so as to improve their psycho-social and occupational skills. Psychological interventions used are:

  • Individual psychotherapy where the frameworks used may be cognitive-behaviour, client centred or psychodynamic .
  • Family therapy which is important especially for relapse prevention and drug compliance.
  • Psychoeducation for family members to enhance their acceptance, understanding and management of the patient’s illness.
  • Marital therapy which aims to correct dysfunctional relationships.
  • Group therapy is used especially for dependence disorders.
  • Enrichment programmes enable adolescents continue their academic career after discharge
  • Cognitive Retraining optimises the overall level of functioning of the patient.